In 1999, the ESD Association has approved and published a standard covering the development of an ESD control program. Approved as an ANSI standard, ANSI/ESD S20.20:
Development of an Electrostatic Discharge Control Program. The standard covers the requirements necessary to design, establish, implement, and maintain an ESD control
program to protect electrical or electronic parts, assemblies and equipment susceptible to ESD damage from Human Body Model (HBM) discharges greater than or equal to
ANSI/ESD 20.20 has both administrative and technical provisions that can be tailored to specific applications or requirements. The administrative
sections cover development of an ESD Control Program Plan, Training Plan, and Compliance Verification Plan (routine audits.) The technical elements have some "hard"
requirements, but include many options for compliance that will allow users to develop and implement a plan for their application that is technically adequate and cost
effective. The technical requirements cover areas such as grounding, personal grounding, protected areas, packaging, labeling, equipment, and handling. The technical
requirements and technical range recommendations are listed in Table 1. The ANSI/ESD S20.20 is the parent document for all ESD Association standards and will be the
main reference for Auditing an ESD Control Program. ANSI/ESD S20.20 standard is intended to replace MIL-STD 1686 and ANSI/EIA-625 ESD Control Standards. The United
States Department of Defense has adopted ANSI/ESD S20.20.